ADDICTA: The Turkish Journal on Addictions
Original Articles

Women who Use Drugs: Pattern of Substance Use and Relapse

1.

Department of Public Health, School of Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

2.

Department of Public Health, School of Health, Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

3.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Modeling of Non communicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

4.

Clinical Psychology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

5.

Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

Addicta 2021; 8: 108-112
DOI: 10.5152/ADDICTA.2021.20092
Read: 81 Downloads: 47 Published: 30 September 2021

Addiction is a chronic and recurrent disease, and many people return to substance abuse shortly after treatment. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of drug abuse relapse and to investigate its related factors among addicted women. This cross-sectional study was performed in 2020 on 200 women who used drugs, and who were seeking treatment in the outpatient addiction treatment centers in Sanandaj. The participants were selected by the convenience sampling method. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire through face-to-face interviews, and analyzed by independent t-test, chi-square, and logistic regression procedures. The mean age of the respondents was 37.75 ± 10.49, and the mean age at the first drug use was 24.21 ± 8.96 years. Age at first use, family history of addiction, type of drug used, attendance at the meetings of the Narcotics Anonymous Association (NA), history of childhood sexual abuse, and experience of physical violence were among the factors influencing the relapse of substance abuse in women (p < .05). The results show that contextual, behavioral, and demographic factors affect the relapse of drug use in women. Therefore, designing and implementing interventions based on the results of the present study can be effective in preventing relapse in women.

Cite this article as: Bashirian, S., Barati, M., Mohammadi, Y., Ghazanfari Zarnagh, H., & Bagheri, S. (2021). Women who use drugs: Pattern of substance use and relapse. Addicta: The Turkish Journal on Addictions, 8(2), 108-112.

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ISSN 2148-7286 EISSN 2149-1305