ADDICTA: The Turkish Journal on Addictions
Research Article

Substance Dependence: Reinforcing the Individual for a Clean Life


The Guidance and Psychological Counseling Program, Faculty of Education, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep Turkey


Turkish Green Crescent Society, İstanbul Turkey


Oya Bahadır Psychiatry Clinic, Gaziantep Turkey

Addicta 2018; 5: 81-130
DOI: 10.15805/addicta.2018.5.1.0001
Read: 215 Downloads: 187 Published: 15 April 2018

The aims of this study are to define studies that will be conducted for primary prevention within the framework of the struggle with addiction and to present inferences for evaluating and improving prevention programs. Addiction is generally defined as the progressive use of a substance for providing the addictive substance’s desired effect or when a decrease effect occurs despite using the same amount of the substance. When reviewing the literature on addiction, forensic or medical interventions alone are unable to offer effective solutions to this problem. Suggestions for studies on preventing and improving life skills have been able to be provided. The primary objective of prevention studies is to raise individual awareness and provide reinforcement before the use of any substance is begun. These studies have attempted to prevent addiction by improving protective factors and decreasing risk factors. Recently, prevention studies that aim to improve life skills in order to prevent addiction have been observed at the forefront and have revealed effective results.

To cite this article: Özbay, Y., Yılmaz, S., Büyüköztürk, Ş., Aliyev, R., Tomar, İ. H., Eşici, H. … Akyıldız, F. D. (2018). Substance dependence: Reinforcing the individual for a clean life. Addicta: The Turkish Journal on Addictions, 5, 81−130. 

ISSN 2148-7286 EISSN 2149-1305