ADDICTA: The Turkish Journal on Addictions
Original Articles

Physical and Mental Health Outcomes in Electronic Cigarette Users: A Cross-Sectional Study


Department of Public Health Nursing, Ege University Health Sciences Institute, İzmir, Türkiye


Department of Nursing, Antalya Bilim University Faculty of Health Sciences, İzmir, Türkiye


Department of Public Health Nursing, Ege University Faculty of Nursing, Izmir, Türkiye

Addicta 2024; 11: 1-7
DOI: 10.5152/ADDICTA.2024.23118
Read: 492 Downloads: 394 Published: 15 March 2024

Abstract: This cross-sectional study examined the physical and mental health outcomes of individuals who use electronic cigarettes. Data were collected using an online survey incorporating the Personal Information Form, CES-Depression Scale, and SF-12 Quality of Life Scale. SPSS 25.0 software was used to evaluate the data and produce descriptive statistics. An independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, and logistic regression analysis were applied to the analysis. The mean age of the participants was 38.85 ± 13.82 while 56.7% used only e-cigarettes. The physical quality of life scores of those using e-cigarettes 20 times a day or more were significantly higher, while the depression scores of those using e-cigarettes 1–10 times a day were significantly higher (p < .05). Regarding physical problems, the participants most frequently reported painful dry mouth and throat (35%), cough (30.8%), and/or headache (28.3%). Regarding physiological functions, the participants mostly reported poor taste (9.2%), sleep quality (9.2%), and mood (8.3%). Nicotine concentrations of 13 mg and above were associated with poorer taste (p = .044), general physical condition (p = .008), mood (p = .004), sleep quality (p = .044), and appetite (p = .041). The findings indicate that the public needs greater awareness about the health hazards of e-cigarettes.

Cite this article as: Kutlu S., Adıbelli D. & Mermer, G. (2024). Physical and mental health outcomes in electronic cigarette users: A cross-sectional study. Addicta: The Turkish Journal on Addictions, 11(1), 1-7.

ISSN 2148-7286 EISSN 2149-1305