ADDICTA: The Turkish Journal on Addictions
Original Articles

Investigation of the Relationship between the Starting Age of Substance, Alcohol, Cigarette Use, Attachment Styles, and Temperament Features of Substance Users


Adana Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office Directorate of Probation, Adana, Turkey


Department of Guidance and Psychological Counselling, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey


Department of Psychiatry, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

Addicta 2022; 9: 1-7
DOI: 10.5152/ADDICTA.2021.21046
Read: 341 Downloads: 104 Published: 01 April 2022

In this study, temperament characteristics, age at onset of substance use, alcohol and smoking, and attachment styles of individuals using drugs or stimulants subject to the obligation of probation were examined. The study was conducted with 328 volunteers in the probation directorate in 2019. Personal information form, attachment styles in interpersonal relations scale, and temperament and character inventory revised form have been applied to the participants. The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was used to determine whether the age at which the participants started using substances (drugs, cigarettes, and alcohol) was related to each other and to the sub-dimensions of the temperament inventory, and a t-test was used to examine the differences. In conclusion, it has been found that there is a significant relationship between the ages of onset of alcohol and cigarette use and the ages of substance use onset in this study. In addition, while it has been found that the attachment styles have not shown a significant difference according to the smoking variable, the anxious attachment of alcohol users have been found to be high, and the secure attachment of those treated in the Alcohol and Drug Addicts Treatment and Research Centre have been found to be significantly low.

Cite this article as: Tuncay, A. F., Kıran, B., & Çakmak, S. (2022). Investigation of the relationship between the starting age of substance, alcohol, cigarette use, attachment styles, and temperament features of substance users. Addicta: The Turkish Journal on Addictions, 9(1), 1-7.

ISSN 2148-7286 EISSN 2149-1305