ADDICTA: The Turkish Journal on Addictions
Research Article

Incidence and Characteristics of Psychological Trauma in Alcohol and Substance Abuse Disorder*


Turkish Green Crescent Society Counseling Center, Üsküdar, İstanbul Turkey


Department of Psychology, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep Turkey


Turkish Green Crescent Society, İstanbul Turkey


Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul Bilgi University & Moodist Psychiatry Hospital, İstanbul Turkey

Addicta 2019; 6: 315-336
DOI: 10.15805/addicta.2019.6.2.0046
Read: 149 Downloads: 104 Published: 10 April 2019

There are many researches show the relationship between addiction and trauma. Increasing the number of these researches indicates the importance of this issue. In company with existing researches, our purpose in this research was to analyze traumatic events and its effects on addiction among individuals who applied an outpatient addiction service. This research carried out on 322 individuals who applied Green Crescent Counseling Center (YEDAM) for addiction treatment. Various scales are used in this study for measuring the severity and characteristics of addiction, family characteristics, and the characteristics of traumatic events. These scales are the BAPİ (Bağımlılık Profil İndeksi [Addiction Profile Index]), BAPİ-K (BAPİ Clinical Form, BAPİ-A (BAPİ Family Assessment Form) and the Kocaeli Short Screening Scale for Psychological Trauma (Kocaeli-SHORT). 97.5% of the applicants have been exposed at least one traumatic event and 21.7% of those applicants met the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) risk criteria. Demographic features show that, PTSD risk group has higher average point of economic difficulties which an individual cannot afford even their basic needs than others. Characteristics of addiction of PTSD risk group indicates that, PTSD risk group has higher average points on the severity of addiction, substance-use features, effects of substances on their lives and severity of craving than others. Besides, PTSD risk group also has higher average points on depression, anxiety, impulsivity and lack of assertiveness. There is no significance on family relationship between PSTD risk group and others. Result: It has been analyzing the relationship between addiction and trauma with acquired data in this research. According to the results of this research, we emphasize that traumatic events and PTSD risk have effects on addiction and its severity. Besides, it is necessary to focus on trauma symptoms while treating addiction.

To cite this article: Çetin Şeker, B., Dinç, M., Işık, S., & Ögel, K. (2019). Incidence and characteristics of psychological trauma in alcohol and substance abuse disorder. Addicta: The Turkish Journal on Addictions, 6, 315−336.

ISSN 2148-7286 EISSN 2149-1305