ADDICTA: The Turkish Journal on Addictions
Original Article

COVID-19, Health Habits, and Addictive Behaviors in the General Population

1.

Department of Psychobiology and Methodology, Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, Spain

2.

CIBER Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Instituto Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain

3.

Psychoneurobiology of Eating and Addictive Psychoneurobiology of Eating and Addictive Behaviours Research Group, Neuroscience Program, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain

4.

Department of Psychiatry, Bellvitge University Hospital, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain

5.

Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Barcelona (UB), School of Medicine, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain

6.

Communications and Fundraising Unit, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), Barcelona, Spain

7.

Strategic Projects Unit, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), Barcelona, Spain

8.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA

9.

Department of Neuroscience and Wu Tsai Institute, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

10.

Yale University School of Medicine, Yale Child Study Centre, New Haven, CT, USA

11.

Connecticut Council on Problem Gambling, Wethersfield, CT, USA

12.

Connecticut Mental Health Centre, New Haven, CT, USA

13.

Department of Psychiatry, Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria University Hospital, Tenerife, Spain

14.

TXP Research Group, Cardenal Herrera-CEU University, CEU Universities, Castellón, Spain

15.

Department of Mental Health, Consorcio Hospitalario Provincial de Castellón, Castellón, Spain

16.

Psychiatry and Mental Health Group, Neuroscience Program, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain

17.

CIBER Mental Health (CIBERSAM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain

Addicta 2023; 10: 67-74
DOI: 10.5152/ADDICTA.2023.22068
Read: 451 Downloads: 284 Published: 01 April 2023

lockdown due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had a significant impact on daily routines and habits. New lifestyle behaviors contributed to the onset and course of mental diseases, including addictive problems. The objective of this work was to describe changes in health status during lockdown in the general population, including potentially addictive behaviors, and explore possible contributing factors. The analyzed data comprised a population-based sample of 240 individuals (73.3% women, mean age 43.8 years old). Assessments included sociodemographics and self-reports for health state and addictive behaviors. The risk of perceived worsening physical and psychological state was 21.7% and 20.0%, respectively, after the lockdown. The risk of requiring a new treatment for physical and psychological illnesses was 10.4% and 4.2%, respectively, while 2.5% of the participants started using illegal drugs and 9% initiated video game use. Finally, the statistical predictors of health worsening during the lockdown were the presence of anxiety symptoms, being unmarried, having low education levels, experiencing fears related to COVID-19 infection, and having family conflicts. This research identified vulnerability factors contributing to changes in physic and mental health, as well as those associated with addictive behaviors during lockdown. These results should be considered in further stressful situations to design personalized preventive and therapeutic plans.

Cite this article as: Granero, R., Baenas, I., Fernández-Aranda, F., Duran, J., Lanuza-Masdeu, J., Mayordomo, C., Potenza, M. N., Quintana, A., Leyva, C., Rodríguez-Ruiz, F., Menchón, J. M., & Jiménez-Murcia, S. (2023). COVID-19, health habits, and addictive behaviors in the general population. Addicta: The Turkish Journal on Addictions, 10(1), 67-74.

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ISSN 2148-7286 EISSN 2149-1305